New Study: "An evaluation of fatigue factors in maritime pilot work scheduling"

by Marine-Pilots.com - published -
828

New Study: "An evaluation of fatigue factors in maritime pilot work scheduling"

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of fatigue among Bar Pilots and its potential impact on safety, and to make recommendations concerning how the risk of fatigue could be managed. Information was gathered via a literature review, observations of Bar Pilots at work, surveys, a task analysis, and an analysis of dispatch records.

The work of Bar Pilots involves an unusual mix of activities and job demands. Their work calls for situational awareness, reasoning, communication, and perceptual abilities comparable to those required by airline pilots and air traffic controllers. Errors can have severe consequences for public safety and the environment, as well as significant financial costs.

Fatigue is increasingly recognized as a hazard that must be managed by the transportation industry. The reduced sleep quality and quantity experienced by personnel who work at night, in conjunction with circadian misalignment can lead to an operationally significant level of cognitive impairment.
Fatigue can have a detrimental impact on cognitive functions that are critical to safe maritime piloting, such as vigilance, judgment, reaction time and communication.

Maritime piloting operations involve on-call work schedules that may lead to sleep loss and circadian misalignment. Our study documented pilot work scheduling practices (n = 61) over a one-year period.

Most pilots worked a week-on/week-off schedule. Work periods averaged 7.6 hours in duration and pilots worked up to four ship assignments during a given work period. Work weeks averaged a total of 35.0 hours with pilots working on average three consecutive days. Night work was common (19.0 hours/week) with 02:00 h the most common starting hour for a work period.

On-call work periods occurred at irregular times with a high degree of start time variability between consecutive work periods. While typical individual and weekly work total hours were not high, there were instances with long work periods, minimal rest opportunities, and extended total weekly work hours. Fatigue-model predictions based on work schedules were similar to objective outcomes collected among other groups of maritime pilots and may prove useful in identifying potential fatigue risks within on-call work schedules. Future studies should be conducted using objective measures to provide further insight on how on-call maritime operations influence sleep timing, alertness, and performance.

Additional information

Funding
This study was performed under contractual agreement 15M900007 between the Board of Pilot Commissioners for the Bays of San Francisco, San Pablo, and Suisun and the San José State University Research Foundation.

Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank the San Francisco Bar Pilots who assisted with data collection and in our understanding of their operations. In particular, Port Agent Captain Joseph Long was available for communications, meetings, and facilitated transfer of the dispatch records files. From the San José State University Research Foundation, Zachary Caddick and Gregory Costedoat supported various aspects of the study.

Citiation

Kevin Gregory, Alan Hobbs, Bonny Parke, Nicholas Bathurst, Sean Pradhan & Erin Flynn-Evans (2020) An evaluation of fatigue factors in maritime pilot work scheduling, Chronobiology International, DOI: 10.1080/07420528.2020.1817932

Get the entire study

If you are interested in the entire study:
What's your opinion on this?
Be the first to comment...
Login or register to view comments and join the discussion!
Read more...

Video Port of Fremantle

Case Study: A study conducted for Fremantle Ports on vessel interacting within the harbour.

0

Video HMM - Maiden voyage of HMM Algeciras #12(final)-London

Found on YouTube. Created by "HMM.official".

#MaidenVoyage #HMMalgeciras #HMM
The maiden voyage of HMM Algeciras #12-London
London Landing: The HMM Algeciras, the world's largest containership as 24,000TEU, arrives alongside at the London Gateway port for its last European call before departing back to Asia.

0

Article Current status of the next upcoming Maritime Pilots' events

by Marine-Pilots.com - published

What events and meetings for Maritime Pilots are scheduled? Which events are canceled or postponed?
An overview on Marine-Pilots.com:

0

Article KAIPTC & Denmark launch Pilot Course to develop Maritime Security Culture in the Gulf of Guinea

by Marine-Pilots.com - published

This pilot course is the first of the capacity-building efforts of the three-year project on enhancing regional research, capacity building and convening of stakeholders towards a safer maritime domain in the Gulf of Guinea.

0

Video Tugboat Captain Works To Expose Baltimore City Youth To The Maritime Industry

Found on YouTube. Created by "WJZ".

In the Inner Harbor, a tugboat captain is teaching Baltimore's inner-city youth about the maritime industry.

0

Video How the MSC ZOE lost its containers (Simulation by Marin.nl)

Language ENGLISH!

MARIN has done model tests with a model of the msc Zoe in one of its test facilities, to find out what caused the msc Zoe to lose containers and how we can prevent this in the future.

0

Video New 17m Pilot Boat - A. H. Wadia Boat Builders, India

Found on YouTube. Created by "Hitesh Wadia".

Twin Screw 350 HP Engines achieving top speed of 15 Knots.
Excellent maneuverability and stability.
Effortlessly performing Pilot operations at sea.

www.ahwadiaboat.com

0

Video SeaSafe - Marine pilot falling off a ships ladder with his integrated life jacket coat

SeaSafe - Marine pilot falling off a ships ladder with his integrated life jacket coat

0

Video Recommendation: Pilot Boarding Ship in Rough Weather in HD

Found on YouTube. Created by "NEW WORLD NEWS"

A maritime pilot, marine pilot, harbor pilot, bar pilot, or simply pilot, is a sailor who maneuvers ships through dangerous or congested waters, such as harbors or river mouths. They are navigational experts possessing knowledge of the particular waterway such as its depth, currents, and hazards.

0

Video SIMULATION / MANEUVER OF APPROACH AND MOORING to "TIMBUES" HARBOUR" (BRM - P) BRM Course for #Pilots

These images show a Navigation drill (SIMULATION) of approach and mooring to one of the Harbours of the Paraná River - "TIMBUES" Harbour (Management and Resources of the Navigation Bridge for Pilots) - (BRM - P) in charge of the Paraná Harbours Pilot, Captain Mr. Diego SCHOTTENHEIM. Exercise carried out in the Navigation Bridge Simulator of the Maritime and Riverine Research and Training Canter (MRRTC), Autonomous City of Buenos Aires #Argentine on March 12, 2019, since 14:50 till 15:55 local time.

0